How to avoid customs inspections: Declare rigorously, check carefully, comply with laws and regulations, and pay taxes normally.
Why are customs inspections necessary?
Customs inspections are conducted to determine whether the declared content of imported and exported goods is consistent with the actual situation, as well as to classify goods, pricing, and country of origin. Inspections mainly focus on preventing tax evasion and avoiding inspections by commerce authorities. When undergoing inspections, do not blame the customs brokers who have not made mistakes, as it is unrelated to them.
What do customs inspections mainly check?
Check the product name and specifications to avoid writing incorrect product names, such as mistakenly writing "export mobile phone film" as "export mobile phone."
Verify the quantity and weight units to ensure they match the actual situation, avoiding delays in customs’ time and effort.
Confirm whether there are any infringement issues such as unauthorized use of someone else’s logo or patent to avoid violating related laws.
Confirm the source of goods, fill in accurate information, and avoid filling in incorrect or deliberately false information.
Check the product code to ensure it matches the product name to avoid inconsistencies in declarations.
Verify the condition of new and old products to ensure that old products comply with import and export regulations and avoid potential problems.
Check unit price, total price, and currency to avoid situations like typing multiple "0"s, which could mislead customs officials.
Sample and inspect important goods, such as masks, especially during times when masks are in high demand.
Avoid concealment, such as underreporting or misreporting, and avoid adverse consequences.
Methods and terms for customs inspections
External inspection: Refers to the inspection method of verifying the packaging, marks, and appearance of goods with easily discernible external features and basic attributes.
Unboxing inspection: Refers to the inspection method of removing goods from containers or truck boxes and then unpacking them to verify their actual conditions.
Machine inspection: Refers to the inspection method that mainly uses technical inspection equipment to verify the actual conditions of goods.
Random inspection: Refers to the inspection method of selectively verifying the actual conditions of some goods in a shipment according to a certain proportion.
Thorough inspection: Refers to the inspection method of unpacking each package and verifying the actual conditions of goods.
Probability issues for customs inspections
Customs inspections of imported and exported goods can be divided into two categories: computer monitoring and manual monitoring:
1. Computer monitoring
Computer monitoring is the process of analyzing the risks of imported and exported goods within a certain period, classifying the goods, and setting corresponding risk parameters. If a certain product has had multiple recent smuggling violations or declaration errors, high-risk parameters will be set. The higher the risk parameters of imported and exported goods, the higher the probability of being monitored by the computer. In addition, customs will set random inspection ratios for lower risk goods and set risk parameters based on the AEO certification level of the company.
2. Manual monitoring
Manual monitoring is when customs officers issue monitoring instructions through the customs business operation system based on their doubts about imported and exported goods during the process of document review, tax collection, inspection, and release. In addition, when smuggling departments receive intelligence, they can also request manual monitoring at the customs business site.
Manual monitoring can be divided into five types of instructions: cargo manifest monitoring, pre-scheduled monitoring, early warning monitoring, on-the-spot monitoring, and random monitoring.
- Cargo manifest monitoring is the comprehensive risk analysis based on the various indicators of the electronic cargo manifest data, targeting high-risk goods for monitoring;
- Pre-scheduled monitoring is the automatic extraction of documents containing risk parameters by the computer, locking the target, and issuing inspection instructions;
- Early warning monitoring is to provide tips for high-risk goods and enterprises, reminding on-site reviewers to focus on reviewing;
- On-the-spot monitoring is when on-site inspectors review real-time declarations of imported and exported goods and issue inspection instructions for doubtful documents;
- Random monitoring is to set a certain inspection ratio for low-risk imported and exported goods, and the computer system conducts random checks.